How to Grow Turnips
Instructions for Growing Turnip Plants
in Your Vegetable Garden
*** Easy to Grow ***
Turnips are a delightful, mild root vegetable and a gardening favorite because they're so easy to grow. The turnip leaves can also be eaten as nutritious cooked greens (like spinach) or the tender young leaves mixed in with other garden greens in salads.
Gardening Tip - Turnips don't like competition from other plants. Do your best to keep turnip beds free from weeds, and do not hill the soil around the exposed vegetable.
Under optimal growing conditions, turnip roots offer: Dietary Fiber, Chromium, Potassium, Manganese, Folate, Vitamin C, B6, C, Calcium, Copper
the Turnip Greens offer: Dietary Fiber, Calcium, Magnesium, Copper, Chromium, Manganese, Protein, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Iron, Vitamin C, A, E, K, B6, Folate, Pantothenic Acid, Phosphorus
Turnips perform best in cool gardening climates, but will grow nearly anywhere (depending upon the variety).They're frost resistant. In fact, the roots taste sweeter once there's been a light frost.
Turnips prefer well-drained soil and full (or partial) sun. Garden beds should be prepared with rotted manure and compost, ensuring friable (loose crumbly) soil that will allow maximum root development. For optimal growing conditions, prepare the garden plot soil to a pH of between 6.0 and 7.0. Note: this vegetable favors garden beds that were well fertilized and well-worked for another crop last season.
Make your rows 10” apart, and ¼” deep. Drop the turnip seeds in, and cover with garden compost. Water. When seedlings appear in two weeks, avoid troubles that come with plant crowding by thinning turnips to one plant every 4”.
Extend your harvest period by planting smaller crops every three weeks.
Do not let the garden beds dry out… keep evenly watered (but not soggy).
To boost growth, you can (if you wish) apply a dose of complete fertilizer (or compost tea) one month after planting. Additional fertilizer shouldn't be needed. Too much fertilizer will increase the leaf growth, and cause the roots to be small.
Turnips are not generally bothered by plant diseases, but some pests do find them tasty: aphids, caterpillars, grubs.
Gardening Tip - Practice good vegetable gardening by rotating your crops within your garden space with each new season. This will prevent many plant diseases.
Turnips normally reach maturity in two or three months. To harvest, pull the entire plant from the ground. Turnip's flavor will be a little sweeter if you're able to harvest after a light frost.
Note: Be sure to harvest before they become too woody and tough in texture.
Lift the turnips from the soil, cut the tops off, and store in bushel baskets or crates in a cellar. Or, if you’re in an area where the ground doesn’t freeze, simply leave in the garden soil until you’re ready to use.
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Note: the advice and information contained herein is based upon our experience and study. As with any advice, please apply at your own discretion.